A Brief History of the Web Browser

browsers-1273344_640Throughout the years many people have created dozens of innovative web browsers. Especially with people using web browsers like Google Chrome to find whatever they need instantaneously, it’s hard to image a time where information wasn’t at our finger tips, SEO NYC companies weren’t fighting to be number one on the search engine results and people had to use an encyclopedia to find information for book reports.

The NCSA Mosaic was the first web browser that was widely used, the first commercial web browser was created by the Mosaic programming team and was called Netscape Navigator, it was later changed to Communicator and the back to Netscape but minus the Navigator bit.

Until 1999 when Microsoft Internet Explorer, due to its distribution advantage, became the most widely used Netscape remained at the top. A version of Netscape which was a free open source software was then created and and released in 2002, it was named Mozilla, this is the internal name for its predecessor the Netscape browser.

Particularly on non-Windows platforms, Mozilla has gained popularity, this is mainly due to it foundation which is open source, in 2004 Mozilla was released as FireFox which is now on high demand. Below is a basic list of some of the most popular web browsers, who they were created by and when they were released.

World Wide Web: written by Tim Berners-Lee and released March, 1991.

libwww.: written by Tim Berners Lee in conjunction with CERN student Jean-Francois Groff, released during 1991-1992.

Line-Mode: written by Nicola Pellow and released in 1991

Erwise: written by a group of students from the Helsinki University after a visit from Robert Cailliau, released in April, 1992.

ViolaWWW.: written by Pei Wei and released May, 1992.

Midas: written by Tony Midas, released during the summer of 1992.

Samba: written by Robert Cailliau, released at the end of 1992.

Mosaic: written by Eric Bina and Marc Andreessen, released in February, 1993.

Arena: written by Dave Raggett, released in 1993.

Lynx: written by Lou Montulli to be released as Lynx 2.0 in 1993.

Cello: written by Tom Bruce, released in the Summer of 1993.

Opera: written originally in 1994 by researchers in Norway, developed commercially by Geir Ivars and Jon Stephenson Von Tetzchner and became available on the internet during the summer of 1996.

Internet In a Box: written by O’Reilly and Associates, released January 1994.

Navipress: written by Navisoft, released February, 1994 and later renamed AOLPress.
Mozilla: written by Netscape and released in October 1994, a final version was released in December called Mozilla 1.0, an open source version called Mozilla as well was released in 2002, in November of 2004 the popular Firefox version was released.

Internet Explorer: written by Microsoft, originally released on August 23, 1995.

Here’s a great video that shows was surfing the world wide web was like back in the day:

Introducing Quackbill Muzzle

Inventions are what make the world a better place. Or at least that’s what should happen. Every now and then you stumble across a project that is just… well, it makes you think. Mostly “why on earth would someone invent this?”

Introducing the Quackbill Muzzle. Muzzles are an important invention because they are mostly¬†used to keep a dog from¬†biting or causing injury to not only humans but to themselves. But someone decided it would be beneficial to make a muzzle that turns their wonderful dog’s fluffy face into a duckbill. So if you ever wanted to turn your dog into half duck – now you can!

oppo-dog-muzzle-duck-bill-2

The Best Inventions To Win The Nobel Prize In Physics

The Nobel Prizes tend to be given to people for breakthroughs or ideas rather than inventions. However, over the decades, there have been a handful of inventions to bring home the prize. Here are two of the best inventions to win the Nobel prize in physics.

2014 Physics Nobel: Blue LED.

led-774538_640Three scientists in the country of Japan won the Nobel Prize thanks to their invention of the blue light emitting diode(LED). Chances are, you have seen a blue LED in use. Maybe you didn’t think much of it at the time. After all, they are pretty commonplace today. However, that is often what marks a Nobel-worthy invention. It is something that opens up new possibilities and finds itself very common in everyday use.

What you may not know is that blue LEDs were particularly challenging to create. Red and green LEDs were already a thing long before the blue came along. These three colors were also required if a white LED were to ever be created.

Today, white LEDs are commonly used as household lamps as well as in computer screens and televisions. They are energy efficient, cost effective, and outshine fluorescent and incandescent light bulbs. These lamps would have never been possible had these Japanese scientists not unlocked the secrets of the blue LED.

2009 Physics Nobel: CCD.

Another great invention in the field of light, this particular invention; however, is meant to detect light rather than emit it. The CCD, or charge-coupled device, was actually invented back in 1969 by George E. Smith and Willard S. Boyle. It was the first digital sensor to successfully capture an image. It relied on the photoelectric effect described by Einstein.

The CCD works as the eye of the camera. The CCD is what eventually lead to the birth of the digital camera as a recreational device as well as a professional tool in fields like medicine and science. It is hard to picture a world without smartphone cameras and digital cameras, all of which are possible thanks to this invention.

Greatest Inventions

This is one of our favorite specials ever on Discovery. Things that today seem commonplace where once new. This documentary explores some of the most interesting inventions that changed the way in which we live. Which one could you never live without now?